This table includes additional information to the above visualized indicators, i.e. a short definition of this indicator and a description of the politically determined target values as well as explaining the political intention behind selecting this indicator.
The indicator shows the expenditure on research and development by businesses, general government and institutions of higher education in relation to gross domestic product (GDP).
|Target and intention
Expenditure on research and development (R&D) is an important, although not the only determinant of an economy’s rate of innovation. The higher the expenditure, the higher the probability of more dynamic gains in productivity, the stronger economic growth and the more competitiveness is improved. The Federal Government has therefore set itself the goal of ensuring that private and public expenditure on research and development – a major determinant for the innovation rate of an economy – increases to at least an annual 3.5 % of gross domestic product by 2025.
The data published in the indicator report 2022 is as of 31 October 2022. The data shown on this platform is updated regularly, so that more current data may be available online than published in the indicator report 2022.